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液压行业专业英语

液压技术 小编 305次浏览 0个评论 扫描二维码

液压英语

液压气压传动:Fluid power drives

液压传动:Hydraulic power drive

气压传动;pneumatic power drive

静液压传动、容积式液压传动:Hydrostatic power drive

动液压传动:Hydrodynamic power drive

容积泵:Positive-displacement pump

叶片泵:Impeller-type pump

容积式液压马达:Hydraulic actuator

叶片式液压马达:Impeller-type Hydraulic motor

液压管路:Hydraulic line , line

吸入管路:Intake line

排出管路、压力管路:pressure line

回流管路:Return line

排(疏)液管路:Drain line

泵:Pump

(泵的)流量、排量:Pump capacity

液压马达:Hydraulic motor

定(恒)量泵:Constant-displacement pump

恒速液压马达:Constant-speed hydraulic motor

变量泵:Variable-displacement pump

变速液压马达:Variable-speed hydraulic

泵-马达:Pump-motor

压缩机:Air compressor

气压马达:Pneumatic motor

真空泵:Vacuum pump

风机:Fan

齿轮泵:Gear pump

齿轮式液压马达:Gear-type hydraulic motor

转子泵、回转式泵:Rotary abutment pump

转子式液压马达、回转式液压马达:Rotary abutment motor

螺杆泵:Screw pump

螺杆式液压马达:Screw motor

滑片泵:Vane pump

滑片式液压马达:Vane motor

轴向活塞泵:Axial-piston pump

轴向活塞式液压马达:Axial-piston motor

气压缸:pneumatic cylinder

活塞:Piston

活塞杆:Piston rod

单(向)作用缸、单动缸:Single-acting cylinder

双(向)作用缸、双动缸:Double-acting cylinder

活塞腔、活塞侧:head end of cylinder

活塞杆腔、活塞杆侧:Rod end of cylinder

柱塞缸:Plunger cylinder

伸缩缸、套筒式缸:Telescoping cylinder

隔膜作动缸:Diaphragm actuator

摆动式液压机、摆动式液压马达、摆动油缸:Limited rotary Hydraulic motor

滑片式摆动液压机、滑片式摆动液压马达、滑片式摆动油缸:Vane-type limited rotary motor

活塞式摆动液压机、活塞式摆动液压马达、活塞式摆动油缸:Piston-type limited rotary motor

液压变换器、换压器:Hydraulic transformer

液压控制阀:Hydraulic control valve

滑阀:Spool valve Slide valve

液压开关、旋塞(阀):Rotary valve

阀门、阀:Seat valve

压力(控制)阀:Pressure control valve

定差减压阀:Relief valve

安全阀:Safety valve

减压阀:Pressure reducing valve

单向阀:Check valve

节流阀:Throttle

节流:throttling

工作孔:oriffice

分配阀:distribution valve

液压分配阀、配液阀:Hydraulic distribution valve

气压分配阀、配气阀:pneumatic distribution valve

(液压)蓄压器:Hydraulic accumulator

重锤蓄压器:Weighted hydraulic accumulator

弹簧蓄压器:Spring-loaded hydraulic accumulator

管路、管道:pipeline

管子:Pipe

接管零件、管件:Pipe fitting

管节:Pipe coupling

弯头:Elbow

三通管:Tee

四通管:cross

管堵(塞)、外丝堵、螺塞:Male pipe plug

堵盖:Bonnet

鞍形接头、交叉接头:Cross-over(saddle)

内接头、螺纹接头:Shoulder nipple

接管螺母、接头螺母:Collar nut

旋入接头:Threaded bushing

中间接头:Union joint

接管:Union nipple

软管:Hose

流体传动hydraulic power

液压技术hydraulics

液力技术hydrodynamics

气液技术hydropneumatics

运行工况operating conditions

额定工况rated conditions

极限工况limited conditions

瞬态工况instantaneous conditions

稳态工况steady-state conditions

许用工况acceptable conditions

连续工况continuous working conditions

实际工况actual conditions

效率efficiency

旋转方向direction of rotation

公称压力nominal pressure

工作压力working pressure

进口压力inlet pressure

出口压力outlet pressure

压降pressure drop;differential pressure

背压back pressure

启动压力breakout pressure

充油压力charge pressure

开启压力cracking pressure

峰值压力peak pressure

运行压力operating pressure

耐压试验压力proof pressure

冲击压力surge pressure

静压力static pressure

系统压力system pressure

控制压力pilot pressure

充气压力pre-charge pressure

吸入压力suction pressure

调压偏差override pressure

额定压力rated pressure

耗气量air consumption

泄漏leakage

内泄漏internal leakage

外泄漏external leakage

层流laminar flow

紊流turbulent flow

气穴cavitation

流量flow rate

排量displacement

额定流量rated flow

供给流量supply flow

流量系数flower factor

滞环hysteresis

图形符号graphical symbol

液压气动元件图形符号symbols for hydraulic and pneumatic components

流体逻辑元件图形符号symbols for fluid logic devices

逻辑功能图形符号symbols for logic functions

回路图circuit diagram

压力-时间图pressure time diagram

功能图function diagram

循环circle

自动循环automatic cycle

工作循环working cycle

循环速度cycling speed

工步phase

停止工步dwell phase

工作工步working phase

快进工步rapid advance phase

快退工步rapid return phase

频率响应frequency response

重复性repeat ability

复现性reproducibility

漂移drift

波动ripple

线性度linearity

线性区linear region

液压锁紧hydraulic lock

液压卡紧sticking

变量泵variable displacement pump

泵的控制control of pump

齿轮泵gear pump

叶片泵vane pump

柱塞泵piston pump

轴向柱塞泵axial piston pump

法兰安装flange mounting

底座安装foot mounting

液压马达hydraulic motor

刚度stiffness

中位neutral position

零位zero position

自由位free position

缸cylinder

有杆端rod end

无杆端rear end

外伸行程extend stroke

内缩行程retract stroke

缓冲cushioning

工作行程working stroke

负载压力induced pressure

输出力force

实际输出力actual force

单作用缸single-acting cylinder

作用缸double-acting cylinder

差动缸differential cylinder

伸缩缸telescopic cylinder

阀valve

底板sub-plate

油路块manifold block

板式阀sub-plate valve

叠加阀sandwich valve

插装阀cartridge valve

滑阀slide valve

锥阀poppet valve

阀芯valve element

阀芯位置valve element position

单向阀check valve

液控单向阀pilot-controlled check valve

梭阀shuttle valve

压力控制阀pressure relief valve

溢流阀pressure relief valve

顺序阀sequence valve

减压阀pressure reducing valve

平衡阀counterbalance valve

卸荷阀unloading valve

直动式directly operated type

先导式pilot-operated type

机械控制式mechanically controlled type

手动式manually operated type

液控式hydraulic controlled type

流量控制阀flow control valve

固定节流阀fixed restrictive valve

可调节流阀adjustable restrictive valve

单向节流阀one-way restrictive valve

调速阀speed regulator valve

分流阀flow divider valve

集流阀flow-combining valve

截止阀shut-off valve

球阀global(ball) valve

针阀needle valve

闸阀gate valve

膜片阀diaphragm valve

蝶阀butterfly valve

噪声等级noise level

放大器amplifier

模拟放大器analogue amplifier

数字放大器digital amplifier

传感器sensor

阈值threshold

伺服阀servo-valve

四通阀four-way valve

喷嘴挡板nozzle flapper

液压放大器hydraulic amplifier

颤振dither

阀极性valve polarity

流量增益flow gain

对称度symmetry

流量极限flow limit

零位内泄漏null(quiescent) leakage

遮盖lap

零遮盖zero lap

正遮盖over lap

负遮盖under lap

开口opening

零偏null bias

零漂null drift

阀压降valve pressure drop

分辨率resolution

频率响应frequency response

幅值比amplitude ratio

相位移phase lag

传递函数transfer function

管路flow line

硬管rigid tube

软管flexible hose

工作管路working line

回油管路return line

补液管路replenishing line

控制管路pilot line

泄油管路drain line

放气管路bleed line

接头fitting;connection

焊接式接头welded fitting

扩口式接头flared fitting

快换接头quick release coupling

法兰接头flange connection

弯头elbow

异径接头reducer fitting

流道flow pass

油口port

闭式油箱sealed reservoir

油箱容量reservoir fluid capacity

气囊式蓄能器bladder accumulator

空气污染air contamination

固体颗粒污染solid contamination

液体污染liquid contamination

空气过滤器air filter

油雾气lubricator

热交换器heat exchanger

冷却器cooler

加热器heater

温度控制器thermostat

消声器silencer

双筒过滤器duplex filter

过滤器压降filter pressure drop

有效过滤面积effective filtration area

公称过滤精度nominal filtration rating

压溃压力collapse pressure

填料密封packing seal

机械密封mechanical seal

径向密封radial seal

旋转密封rotary seal

活塞密封piston seal

活塞杆密封rod seal

防尘

圈密封wiper seal;scraper

组合垫圈bonded washer

复合密封件composite seal

弹性密封件elastomer seal

丁腈橡胶nitrile butadiene rubber;NBR

聚四氟乙烯polytetrafluoroethene;PTFE

优先控制override control

压力表pressure gauge

压力传感器electrical pressure transducer

压差计differential pressure instrument

液位计liquid level measuring instrument

流量计flow meter

压力开关pressure switch

脉冲发生器pulse generator

液压泵站power station

空气处理单元air conditioner unit

压力控制回路pressure control circuit

安全回路safety circuit

差动回路differential circuit

调速回路flow control circuit

进口节流回路meter-in circuit

出口节流回路meter-out circuit

同步回路synchronizing circuit

开式回路open circuit

闭式回路closed circuit

管路布置pipe-work

管卡clamper

联轴器drive shaft coupling

操作台control console

控制屏control panel

避震喉compensator

粘度viscosity

运动粘度kinematic viscosity

密度density

含水量water content

闪点flash point

防锈性rust protection

抗腐蚀性anti-corrosive quality

便携式颗粒检测仪portable particle counter

电磁阀Solenoid valve

单向阀Check valve

插装阀Cartridge valve

叠加阀Sandwich plate valve

先导阀Pilot valve

液控单向阀Pilot operated check valve

板式安装Sub-plate mount

集成块Manifold block

压力溢流阀Pressure relief valve

流量阀Flow valve

节流阀Throttle valve

双单向节流阀Double throttle check valve

旋钮Rotary knob

节流板Rectifier plate

伺服阀Servo valve

比例阀Proportional valve

位置反馈Position feedback

渐增流量Progressive flow

电磁铁释放De-energizing of solenoid

二、介质类

Phosphate ester (HFD-R) 磷酸甘油酯

Water-glycol (HFC) 水-乙二醇

Emulsion 乳化液

Inhibitor 缓蚀剂

Synthetic lubricating oil 合成油

三、液压安装工程

Contamination 污染

Grout 灌浆

Failure 失效

Jog 点动

Creep 爬行

Abrasion 摩擦

Retract(活塞杆)伸出

Extension (活塞杆)缩回

Malfunction 误动作

Pickling 酸洗

Flushing 冲洗

Dipping process 槽式酸洗

Re-circulation 循环

Passivity 钝化

Nitric acid 柠檬酸

Argon 氩气

Butt welding 对接焊

Socket welding 套管焊

Inert gas welding 惰性气体焊

四、管接头

Bite type fittings 卡套式管接头

Tube to tube fittings 接管接头

union 直通接管接头

union elbow 直角管接头

union tee 三通管接头

union cross 四通管接头

Mal stud fittings 端直通管接头

Bulkhead fittings 长直通管接头

Weld fittings 焊接式管接头

Female connector fittings 接头螺母

Reducers extenders 变径管接头

Banjo fittings 铰接式管接头

Adjustable fittings/swivel nut 旋转接头

五、伺服阀及伺服系统性能参数

Dynamic response 动态频响

DDV-direct drive valve 直动式伺服阀

NFPA-National Fluid Power Association 美国

流体控制学会

Phase lag 相位滞后

Nozzle flapper valve 喷嘴挡板阀

Servo-jet pilot valve 射流管阀

Dither 颤振电流

Coil impedance 线圈阻抗

Flow saturation 流量饱和

Linearity 线形度

Symmetry 对称性

Hysterics 滞环

Threshold 灵敏度

Lap 滞后

Pressure gain 压力增益

Null 零位

Null bias 零偏

Null shift 零飘

Frequency response 频率响应

Slope 曲线斜坡

液压系统(hydraulic system)

执行元件(actuator)

液压缸(cylinder)

液压马达(motor)

液压回路(circuit)

压力控制回路(pressure control)

流量(速度)控制回路(speed control)

方向控制回路(directional valve control)

安全回路(security control)

定位回路(position control)

同步回路(synchronise circuit)

顺序动作回路(sequeunt circuit)

液压泵(pump)

阀(valve)

压力控制阀(pressure valve)、

流量控制阀(flow valve)

方向控制阀(directional valve)

液压辅件(accessory)

普通阀(common valve)

插装阀(cartridge valve)

叠加阀(superimposed valve

液压:hydraulic pressure

泵: pump

滤油网:oil filter screen

手动泵:hand pump

电动泵:electric pump

油缸:oil cylinder

牵引车:tractor

索具:rigging

复轨器:rerailing device

Angle Stop Valves 角式截止阀

Angle Throttle Valves 角式节流阀

Angle 无效

Globe Valves 角式截止阀

Butterfly 无效

Non-slam Check 蝶式缓冲止回阀

Butterfly Valves with Gear Actuator 蜗轮传动蝶阀

Cock 二通

CQ Thread Ball Valves CQ 螺纹球阀

Diaphragm Valves 隔膜阀

Double Disc Flat Gate Valves 双闸板平板闸阀

Double Disk Parallel Gate Valves 明杆平行式双闸板闸板

Double Opening Exhaust Valves 双口排气球

Electric Actuated Stop Valves 电动截止阀

Electric Actuated Wedge Gate Valves 电动楔式闸阀

Strainer 过滤器

Electric Double Disk Parallel Gate Valves 电动平行式双闸板闸板

Emergency Cut-off Valves 紧急切断阀

Free Float 无效

Steam Trap 浮球式疏水阀

Flange Ball Valves 法兰球阀

Flange Gate Valves 法兰闸阀

Flange Globe Valves 法兰截止阀

Gauge Valves 仪表阀

Hard Seal Butterfly Valves 金属密封碟阀

High Temperature Pressure Power Station Gate Valves 高温高压电站闸阀

High Temperature Pressure Power Station Globe Valves 高温高压电站截止阀

Lift Check Valves 升降式止回阀

Lift Check Valves 升降式止回阀

Lining Ball Valves 衬里球阀

Lining Butterfly Valves 衬里碟阀

Lining Check Valves 衬里止回阀

Lining Cock 衬里二通

Lining Globe Valves 衬里截止阀

Lining T-Cock Valves 衬里三通旋塞阀

Liquid Indicator 液位计

LPG Pipe Fitting 液化气管件

Magnetic Co-operate Globe Valves 磁耦合截止阀

Magnetism Forle Pumps 磁力泵

Manual Oil Pumps Valves 手摇油泵(阀)

Meter Needle 无效

Globe Valves 仪表针形截止阀

Oblique Stop Valves 直流式截

止阀

Parallesl Slide Valves 浆液阀

Piping Centrifugal Pumps 管道离心泵

Piping Pumps 管道泵

Piping Safety Valves 管道安全阀

Plunger Globe Valves 柱塞截止阀

Quick Draining Valves 快速排污阀

Restrictor Valves 过流阀(或节流阀)

Safety Valves 安全阀

Screw Pumps 螺杆泵

Scum Gate Valves 排渣闸阀

Single Disc Flat Gate Valves 单闸板平板闸阀

Single Opening Exhaust Valves 单口排气球

Slurry Pumps 泥浆泵

Stop Valves 截止阀

Submerged Motor Pumps 潜水电泵(排污泵)

Swing Check Valves 旋启式止回阀

Swing Check Valves 旋启式止回阀

Tank Lorry Ball Valves 槽车球阀

T-Cock 三通

Thin Gate Valves 薄型闸阀

Throttle Valves 节流阀

Tiny Drag Slow Shut Check Valves 微阻缓闭止回阀

Under Water Pumps 液下泵

Vacuum Pumps 水力喷射器(真空泵)

Vertical Lift Check Valves 立式止回阀

Wafer Check Valves 对夹式止回阀

Wafer 无效

Butterfly Valves with Rubber Itning 对夹式衬胶蝶阀

Waste Valves 排污箱(阀)

Water Seal Gate Valves 水封闸阀

Wedge Gate Valves 楔式闸阀

Y 无效

and Cylinder Filters Y 型筒型过滤器

液压随动系统Hydrawlic Slave System

液压系统的模拟机分析Analysis of Simulator of Hydraulic System

液压系统数字仿真Digital Imitation in Hydraulic System

液压系统污染控制Pollution Control in Hydraulic System

液压元件Hydraulic Elements

液压元件课程设计Course Exerciese in Hydraulic Elements


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